Today’s American Minute: The Oklahoma Land Rush

 A gunshot at high noon on APRIL 22, 1889 began the famous Oklahoma Land Rush.

Within 9 hours, some two million acres became the private property of settlers who staked their claims for 160 acres to homestead.

Riding as fast as they could, many found desirable plots already taken by “Boomers” who began intruding ten years earlier, and “Sooners,” individuals who entered the territory just days or hours sooner than was permitted.

The remaining land had been assigned to dozens of Indian tribes, including the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, and Cherokee, who had survived the Federal Government’s horrible “Trail of Tears” march during the freezing winter of 1838-1839.

Over 17,000 Indians had been forcibly removed by a Federal Government mandate from Georgia and other Eastern States. A Democrat-controlled Congress passed the Indian Removal Act by a single vote in 1830, and it was signed by Democrat President Andrew Jackson.

Opposing the Federal Government’s mandate were Christian missionaries, such as Jeremiah Evarts, Congressmen Davy Crockett of Tennessee, Congressman Abraham Lincoln of Illinois, and New Jersey Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen.

Over 12,000 Cherokees signed a petition in protest, and Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall even ruled in favor of the Cherokee Indian Tribe. But Democrat President Jackson, and his successor, Democrat President Martin Van Buren, refused to abide by the Court’s decision.

President Ronald Reagan commemorated the thousands who died as a result of the Federal Government’s policy by designating the “Trail of Tears” a National Historic Trail in 1987.

Oklahoma, which is the Choctaw word for “red people,” became the 46th State to join the Union in 1907.

The Preamble of Oklahoma’s Constitution reads:

“Invoking the guidance of Almighty God, in order to secure and perpetuate the blessing of liberty; to secure just and rightful government; to promote our mutual welfare and happiness, we, the people of the State of Oklahoma, do ordain and establish this Constitution.”

Cherokee Will Rogers was an actor and cowboy philosopher who was offered the nomination for Oklahoma’s Governor, but declined.

He said:

“The Lord constituted everybody that no matter what color you are, you require the same amount of nourishment.”

He also remarked:

“Live in such a way that you would not be ashamed to sell your parrot to the town gossip.”

And finally, Rogers quipped:

“The trouble with our praying is, we just do it as a means of last resort,” and “Lord, let me live until I die.”

Oklahoma, State of. 1907, Constitution, Preamble. Charles E. Rice, The Supreme Court & Public Prayer (NY: Fordham University Press, 1964), p. 174; “Hearings, Prayers in Public Schools & Other Matters,” Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate (87 Cong., 2 Sess.), 1962, pp. 268 et seq.

This post originally appeared on Western Journalism – Informing And Equipping Americans Who Love Freedom

Today’s American Minute: Mark Twain

 “Mark Twain,” a river measurement meaning “12-feet-deep,” was the pen name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, who died on APRIL 21, 1910.

Growing up on the Mississippi, Clemens left school at age 12 when his father died.

He became a printer’s apprentice, then piloted steamboats till the War between the States suspended river traffic.

Samuel Clemens joined the Confederates, but after 2 weeks got discharged to work for his brother Orion, who was secretary to Nevada’s Governor.

After an attempt at mining, Clemens became a reporter in Virginia City, Nevada, using the name “Mark Twain” for the first time.

He moved to California and, in 1866, sailed to Hawaii as a reporter.

In 1867, a newspaper funded his voyage to the Mediterranean.

While on this trip, he saw the picture of his friend’s sister, Olivia Langdon of Elmira, New York. Immediately upon his return, he met and married her.

In Innocents Abroad, 1869, which established his reputation as a writer, Mark Twain described Syria under the Ottoman Turkish Empire:

“Five thousand Christians…were massacred in Damascus in 1861 by the Turks…

“Narrow streets ran blood for several days, and that men, women and children were butchered indiscriminately and left to rot by hundreds all through the Christian quarter…the stench was dreadful.

“All the Christians who could get away fled from the city, and the Mohammedans would not defile their hands by burying the ‘infidel dogs.’

“The thirst for blood extended to the high lands of Hermon and Anti-Lebanon, and in a short time twenty-five thousand more Christians were massacred…”

He also described Jerusalem under Ottoman Muslim rule:

“Rags, wretchedness, poverty and dirt, those signs and symbols that indicate the presence of Moslem rule…”

Mark Twain write the following best-selling books : Tom Sawyer (1876), Prince and the Pauper (1882), Life on the Mississippi (1883), Huckleberry Finn (1884), Connecticut Yankee at King Arthur’s Court (1889), and Joan of Arc (1896).

He wrote:

“Twenty years from now, you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn’t do than by the ones you did do… Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.”

“Love seems the swiftest, but it is the slowest of all growths. No man or woman really knows what perfect love is until they have been married a quarter of a century.”

“When in doubt, tell the truth.”

“Always do right. That will gratify some of the people, and astonish the rest.”

Mark Twain attempted a publishing business that was not successful. He paid off debts by lecturing across America.

He persuaded Ulysses S. Grant to write his Civil War memoirs.

Answering Bible skeptics, Mark Twain said:

“If the Ten Commandments were not written by Moses, then they were written by another fellow of the same name.”

Source: Twain, Mark. Henry & Dana Thomas, 1942. Charles E. Jones, The Books You Read (Harrisburg, PA: Executive Books, 1985), p. 133.

This post originally appeared on Western Journalism – Informing And Equipping Americans Who Love Freedom